Canadian and Mexican officials insisted on Wednesday that the North American Free Trade Agreement remain a trilateral pact and reiterated their opposition to U.S. calls for a so-called “sunset clause” that could end the deal after five years.
After a meeting in Mexico City, Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland and Mexican Economy Minister Ildefonso Guajardo said they remained optimistic about negotiations to revamp the 24-year-old trade pact.
Talks began last August but stalled in the run-up to the Mexican presidential election. That was due, at least in part, to U.S. demands for sweeping changes in the auto sector and for a sunset clause, which would put the deal forming one of the world’s largest trading blocs up for renewal every five years.
U.S. President Donald Trump has repeatedly threatened to withdraw from the pact if he cannot renegotiate it to better serve his country’s interests.
Freeland and Guajardo struck an upbeat tone, with Guajardo saying about two-thirds of the agreement has been ironed out.
In Washington on Wednesday, U.S. Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue raised the prospect that NAFTA could be negotiated separately with Canada and Mexico, in order to reach an agreement first with Mexico by September.
Although Mexican officials are heading to Washington this week to meet with their U.S. counterparts, Guajardo stressed that a deal between all three countries remained the goal.
“The fact that we are going to Washington to participate in bilateral talks is to reinforce the concept of the trilateralism
of this agreement,” he said. “The essence of this agreement is trilateral, and it will continue being trilateral.”
Back into high gear
Freeland also expressed support for a three-way deal, as did Mexico’s incoming foreign minister, Marcelo Ebrard.
“It should and can be modernized but we’re not thinking about it having a different nature to that of today,” Ebrard said, speaking after a meeting between Freeland and President-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador.
Freeland said the sunset clause could harm the auto industry, adding that Ottawa opposed a U.S. investigation of auto imports.
Lopez Obrador, who won the nation’s July 1 election, has said he wants to accelerate the negotiations. His lead NAFTA negotiator, Jesus Seade, will join the Mexican delegation in Washington this week.
Freeland, who held what she described as a good meeting with the president-elect, said she came away with a clear understanding of where he stood on NAFTA but declined to give details.
“Canada’s very clear desire is to move the NAFTA negotiations back into higher gear now that we are past the Mexican election,” she told reporters.